Transient B 12-dependent methyltransferase complexes revealed by small-angle x-ray scattering

Nozomi Ando, Yan Kung, Mehmet Can, Güneş Bender, Stephen W. Ragsdale, Catherine L. Drennan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the Wood-Ljungdahl carbon fixation pathway, protein-protein interactions between methyltransferase (MeTr) and corrinoid iron-sulfur protein (CFeSP) are required for the transfer of a methyl group. While crystal structures have been determined for MeTr and CFeSP both free and in complex, solution structures have not been established. Here, we examine the transient interactions between MeTr and CFeSP in solution using anaerobic small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and present a global analysis approach for the deconvolution of heterogeneous mixtures formed by weakly interacting proteins. We further support this SAXS analysis with complementary results obtained by anaerobic isothermal titration calorimetry. Our results indicate that solution conditions affect the cooperativity with which CFeSP binds to MeTr, resulting in two distinct CFeSP/MeTr complexes with differing oligomeric compositions, both of which are active. One assembly resembles the CFeSP/MeTr complex observed crystallographically with 2:1 protein stoichiometry, while the other best fits a 1:1 CFeSP/MeTr arrangement. These results demonstrate the value of SAXS in uncovering the rich solution behavior of transient protein interactions visualized by crystallography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17945-17954
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume134
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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