Transgender and Cisgender Children’s Stereotypes and Beliefs About Others’ Stereotypes

Jennifer D. Rubin, Selin Gülgöz, Daniel Alonso, Kristina R. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Early in childhood, children already have an awareness of prescriptive stereotypes—or beliefs about what a girl or boy should do (e.g., “girls should play with dolls”). In the present work, we investigate the relation between children’s own prescriptive gender stereotypes and their perceptions of others’ prescriptive gender stereotypes within three groups of children previously shown to differ in their prescriptive stereotyping—6- to 11-year-old transgender children (N = 93), cisgender siblings of transgender children (N = 55), and cisgender controls (N = 93). Cisgender and transgender children did not differ in their prescriptive stereotypes or their perceptions of others’ prescriptive stereotypes, though the relationship between these variables differed by group. The more cisgender control children believed others held prescriptive stereotypes, the more they held those stereotypes, a relation that did not exist for transgender children. Further, all groups perceived the stereotypes of others to be more biased than their own stereotypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638-646
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


  • gender preferences
  • gender stereotyping
  • middle childhood
  • prescriptive stereotypes
  • transgender children


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