Let Tr(n, m, k) denote the largest number of distinct projections onto k coordinates guaranteed in any family of m binary vectors of length n. The classical Sauer–Perles–Shelah Lemma implies that (Formula presented.) for (Formula presented.). Although determining Tr(n, m, k) precisely for general k and m seems hopeless, estimating it remains a widely open problem with connections to important questions in computer science and combinatorics. For example, an influential result of Kahn–Kalai–Linial gives non-trivial bounds on Tr(n, m, k) for k = Θ(n) and m = Θ(2n). Here, we prove that, for (Formula presented.), it holds that Tr(n, nr, αn) = nμ(1+o(1)) with (Formula presented.) Thus, we (essentially) determine (Formula presented.) for (Formula presented.) and all (Formula presented.) up to (Formula presented.). For the proof, we establish a ‘sparse’ version of another classical result, the Kruskal–Katona Theorem, which gives a stronger guarantee when the hypergraph does not induce dense sub-hypergraphs. Furthermore, we prove that the parameters in our sparse Kruskal–Katona theorem are essentially best possible. Finally, we mention two simple applications which may be of independent interest.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Journal of the London Mathematical Society|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 68Q01 (secondary)
- 68R01 (primary)