It is now recognized that aerosol transport contributes to the transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Here, we improve existing social distancing guidelines for airborne pathogens, which are typically given in terms of distance with vague statements about contact times. Also, estimates of inhalation of virus in a contaminated space usually assume a well-mixed environment, which is realistic for some, but not all, situations. In particular, we consider a local casual interaction of an infected individual and a susceptible individual, both maskless, account for the air flow and aerosol transport characteristics of speaking and breathing in a poorly ventilated space, and propose social distancing guidelines that involve both space and contact time, based on a conservative model of fluid dynamics of the interactions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Modeling and Simulation
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes