Toward Ubiquitous Sensing and Localization With Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces

Hongliang Zhang, Boya Di, Kaigui Bian, Zhu Han, H. Vincent Poor, Lingyang Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


In future cellular systems, wireless localization and sensing functions will be built-in for specific applications, e.g., navigation, transportation, and healthcare, and to support flexible and seamless connectivity. Driven by this trend, the need for fine-resolution sensing solutions and centimeter-level localization accuracy arises, while the accuracy of current wireless systems is limited by the quality of the propagation environment. Recently, with the development of new materials, reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) provide an opportunity to reshape and control the electromagnetic characteristics of the environment, which can be utilized to improve the performance of wireless sensing and localization. In this tutorial, we will first review the background and motivation for utilizing wireless signals for sensing and localization. Next, we will introduce how to incorporate RIS into applications of sensing and localization, including key challenges and enabling techniques, and then, some case studies will be presented. Finally, future research directions will also be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1401-1422
Number of pages22
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Implementation
  • localization
  • reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs)
  • wireless sensing


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