Toward real-time regional earthquake simulation II: Real-time Online earthquake Simulation (ROS) of Taiwan earthquakes

Shiann Jong Lee, Qinya Liu, Jeroen Tromp, Dimitri Komatitsch, Wen Tzong Liang, Bor Shouh Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We developed a Real-time Online earthquake Simulation system (ROS) to simulate regional earthquakes in Taiwan. The ROS uses a centroid moment tensor solution of seismic events from a Real-time Moment Tensor monitoring system (RMT), which provides all the point source parameters including the event origin time, hypocentral location, moment magnitude and focal mechanism within 2. min after the occurrence of an earthquake. Then, all of the source parameters are automatically forwarded to the ROS to perform an earthquake simulation, which is based on a spectral-element method (SEM). A new island-wide, high resolution SEM mesh model is developed for the whole Taiwan in this study. We have improved SEM mesh quality by introducing a thin high-resolution mesh layer near the surface to accommodate steep and rapidly varying topography. The mesh for the shallow sedimentary basin is adjusted to reflect its complex geometry and sharp lateral velocity contrasts. The grid resolution at the surface is about 545. m, which is sufficient to resolve topography and tomography data for simulations accurate up to 1.0. Hz. The ROS is also an infrastructural service, making online earthquake simulation feasible. Users can conduct their own earthquake simulation by providing a set of source parameters through the ROS webpage. For visualization, a ShakeMovie and ShakeMap are produced during the simulation. The time needed for one event is roughly 3. min for a 70. s ground motion simulation. The ROS is operated online at the Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica (http://ros.earth.sinica.edu.tw/). Our long-term goal for the ROS system is to contribute to public earth science outreach and to realize seismic ground motion prediction in real-time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-68
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
Volume87
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Keywords

  • Real-time Online earthquake Simulation
  • ShakeMap
  • ShakeMovie
  • Spectral-element method

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