TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING of CHANGING-LOOK QUASARS: AN ARCHIVAL SPECTROSCOPIC SEARCH in SDSS

John J. Ruan, Scott F. Anderson, Sabrina L. Cales, Michael Eracleous, Paul J. Green, Eric Morganson, Jessie C. Runnoe, Yue Shen, Tessa D. Wilkinson, Michael R. Blanton, Tom Dwelly, Antonis Georgakakis, Jenny E. Greene, Stephanie M. Lamassa, Andrea Merloni, Donald P. Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

The uncertain origin of the recently discovered "changing-look" quasar phenomenon-in which a luminous quasar dims significantly to a quiescent state in repeat spectroscopy over ∼10-year timescales-may present unexpected challenges to our understanding of quasar accretion. To better understand this phenomenon, we take a first step toward building a sample of changing-look quasars with a systematic but simple archival search for these objects in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 12. By leveraging the >10-year baselines for objects with repeat spectroscopy, we uncover two new changing-look quasars and a third discovered previously. Decomposition of the multiepoch spectra and analysis of the broad emission lines suggest that the quasar accretion disk emission dims because of rapidly decreasing accretion rates (by factors of ≳2.5), while disfavoring changes in intrinsic dust extinction for the two objects where these analyses are possible. Broad emission line energetics also support intrinsic dimming of quasar emission as the origin for this phenomenon rather than transient tidal disruption events or supernovae. Although our search criteria included quasars at all redshifts and transitions from either quasar-like to galaxy-like states or the reverse, all of the clear cases of changing-look quasars discovered were at relatively low redshift (z ∼ 0.2-0.3) and only exhibit quasar-like to galaxy-like transitions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number188
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume826
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • galaxies: active
  • quasars: emission lines
  • quasars: general

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    Ruan, J. J., Anderson, S. F., Cales, S. L., Eracleous, M., Green, P. J., Morganson, E., Runnoe, J. C., Shen, Y., Wilkinson, T. D., Blanton, M. R., Dwelly, T., Georgakakis, A., Greene, J. E., Lamassa, S. M., Merloni, A., & Schneider, D. P. (2016). TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING of CHANGING-LOOK QUASARS: AN ARCHIVAL SPECTROSCOPIC SEARCH in SDSS. Astrophysical Journal, 826(2), [188]. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/826/2/188