This work explores the feasibility of using shaped electrostatic potentials to achieve specified final scattering distributions of an electron wave packet in a two dimensional subsurface plane of a semiconductor. When electron transport takes place in the ballistic regime, and features of the scattering potentials are smaller than the wavelength of the incident electron then coherent quantum effects can arise. Simulations employing potential forms based on analogous optical principles demonstrate the ability to manipulate quantum interferences in two dimensions. Simulations are presented showing that suitably shaped electrostatic potentials may be used to separate an initially localized Gaussian wave packet into disjoint components or concomitantly to combine a highly dispersed packet into a compact form. The results also indicate that highly complex scattering objectives may be achieved by utilizing adaptive closed-loop optimal control in the laboratory to determine the potential forms needed to manipulate the scattering of an incoming wave packet. An adaptive feedback algorithm can be used to vary individual voltages of multipixel gates on the surface of a solid state structure to thereby find the potential features in the transport plane needed to produce a desired scattering objective. A proposed experimental design is described for testing the concept of adaptive control of coherent electron transport in semiconductors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry