Toward 1D Transport in 3D Materials: SOC-Induced Charge-Transport Anisotropy in Sm3ZrBi5

Jason F. Khoury, Bingzheng Han, Milena Jovanovic, Raquel Queiroz, Xiao Yang, Ratnadwip Singha, Tyger H. Salters, Connor J. Pollak, Scott B. Lee, N. P. Ong, Leslie M. Schoop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

1D charge transport offers great insight into strongly correlated physics, such as Luttinger liquids, electronic instabilities, and superconductivity. Although 1D charge transport is observed in nanomaterials and quantum wires, examples in bulk crystalline solids remain elusive. In this work, it is demonstrated that spin-orbit coupling (SOC) can act as a mechanism to induce quasi-1D charge transport in the Ln3MPn5 (Ln = lanthanide; M = transition metal; Pn = Pnictide) family. From three example compounds, La3ZrSb5, La3ZrBi5, and Sm3ZrBi5, density functional theory calculations with SOC included show a quasi-1D Fermi surface in the bismuthide compounds, but an anisotropic 3D Fermi surface in the antimonide structure. By performing anisotropic charge transport measurements on La3ZrSb5, La3ZrBi5, and Sm3ZrBi5, it is demonstrated that SOC starkly affects their anisotropic resistivity ratios (ARR) at low temperatures, with an ARR of ≈4 in the antimonide compared to ≈9.5 and ≈22 (≈32 after magnetic ordering) in La3ZrBi5 and Sm3ZrBi5, respectively. This report demonstrates the utility of spin-orbit coupling to induce quasi-low-dimensional Fermi surfaces in anisotropic crystal structures, and provides a template for examining other systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAdvanced Materials
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Keywords

  • anisotropic charge transport
  • spin-orbit coupling
  • topological materials

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