We study a class of periodic Schrödinger operators, which in distinguished cases can be proved to have linear band-crossings or "Dirac points". We then show that the introduction of an "edge", via adiabatic modulation of these periodic potentials by a domain wall, results in the bifurcation of spatially localized "edge states". These bound states are associated with the topologically protected zeroenergy mode of an asymptotic one-dimensional Dirac operator. Our model captures many aspects of the phenomenon of topologically protected edge states for twodimensional bulk structures such as the honeycomb structure of graphene. The states we construct can be realized as highly robust TM-electromagnetic modes for a class of photonic waveguides with a phase-defect.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Mathematics