TOI-1518b: A misaligned ultra-hot jupiter with iron in its atmosphere

Samuel H.C. Cabot, Aaron Bello-Arufe, João M. Mendonça, René Tronsgaard, Ian Wong, George Zhou, Lars A. Buchhave, Debra A. Fischer, Keivan G. Stassun, Victoria Antoci, David Baker, Alexander A. Belinski, Björn Benneke, Luke G. Bouma, Jessie L. Christiansen, Karen A. Collins, Maria V. Goliguzova, Simone Hagey, Jon M. Jenkins, Eric L.N. JensenRichard C. Kidwell, Didier Laloum, Bob Massey, Kim K. McLeod, David W. Latham, Edward H. Morgan, George Ricker, Boris S. Safonov, Joshua E. Schlieder, Sara Seager, Avi Shporer, Jeffrey C. Smith, Gregor Srdoc, Ivan A. Strakhov, Guillermo Torres, Joseph D. Twicken, Roland Vanderspek, Michael Vezie, Joshua N. Winn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the discovery of TOI-1518b-an ultra-hot Jupiter orbiting a bright star (V=8.95). The transiting planet is confirmed using high-resolution optical transmission spectra from EXPRES. It is inflated, with Rp=1.875±0.053 RJ, and exhibits several interesting properties, including a misaligned orbit ( - 240.34+0.98 0.93 degrees) and nearly grazing transit ( = - b 0.9036+0.0053 0.0061). The planet orbits a fast-rotating F0 host star (Teff;7300 K) in 1.9 days and experiences intense irradiation. Notably, the TESS data show a clear secondary eclipse with a depth of 364±28 ppm and a significant phase-curve signal, from which we obtain a relative day-night planetary flux difference of roughly 320 ppm and a 5.2s detection of ellipsoidal distortion on the host star. Prompted by recent detections of atomic and ionized species in ultrahot Jupiter atmospheres, we conduct an atmospheric cross-correlation analysis. We detect neutral iron (5.2s), at = - K 157+ p 44 68 km s-1 and = - - V 16+ sys 4 2, adding another object to the small sample of highly irradiated gas-giant planets with Fe detections in transmission. Detections so far favor particularly inflated gas giants with radii 1.78 RJ, which may be due to observational bias. With an equilibrium temperature of Teq=2492±38 K and a measured dayside brightness temperature of 3237±59 K (assuming zero geometric albedo), TOI-1518b is a promising candidate for future emission spectroscopy to probe for a thermal inversion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number218
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume162
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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