Time-dependent models of accretion discs formed from compact object mergers

B. D. Metzger, A. L. Piro, E. Quataert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present time-dependent models of the remnant accretion discs created during compact object mergers, focusing on the energy available from accretion at late times and the composition of the disc and its outflows. We calculate the dynamics near the outer edge of the disc, which contains the majority of the disc's mass and determines the accretion rate on to the central black hole. This treatment allows us to follow the evolution over much longer time-scales (100 s or longer) than current hydrodynamic simulations. At late times the disc becomes advective and its properties asymptote to self-similar solutions with an accretion rate (neglecting outflows). This late-time accretion can in principle provide sufficient energy to power the late-time activity observed by Swift from some short-duration gamma-ray bursts. However, because outflows during the advective phase unbind the majority of the remaining mass, it is difficult for the remnant disc alone to produce significant accretion power well beyond the onset of the advective phase. Unless the viscosity is quite low (α ≲ 10-3), this occurs before the start of observed flaring at ∼30 s; continued mass inflow at late times thus appears required to explain the late-time activity from short-duration gamma-ray bursts. We show that the composition of the disc freezes-out when the disc is relatively neutron rich (electron fraction Ye ≃ 0.3). Roughly 10-2 M⊙ of this neutron-rich material is ejected by winds at late times. During earlier, neutrino-cooled phases of accretion, neutrino irradiation of the disc produces a wind with Ye ≃ 0.5, which synthesizes at most ∼10 -3 M⊙ of 56Ni. We highlight what conditions are favorable for 56Ni production and predict, in the best cases, optical and infrared transients peaking ∼0.5-2 d after the burst, with fluxes a factor of ∼10 below the current observational limits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)781-797
Number of pages17
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume390
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Accretion, accretion discs
  • Black hole physics
  • Gamma-rays: bursts
  • Neutrinos

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Time-dependent models of accretion discs formed from compact object mergers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this