### Abstract

A simple cosmological model with only six parameters (matter density, Ω_{m}h^{2}, baryon density, Ω_{b}h ^{2}, Hubble constant, H_{0}, amplitude of fluctuations, σ_{8}, optical depth, τ, and a slope for the scalar perturbation spectrum, n_{s}) fits not only the 3 year WMAP temperature and polarization data, but also small-scale CMB data, light element abundances, large-scale structure observations, and the supernova luminosity/distance relationship. Using WMAP data only, the bestfit values for cosmological parameters for the power-law flat A cold dark matter (ACDM) model are (Ω_{m}h^{2}, Ω_{b}h^{2}, h, n _{s}, τ, σ_{8}) = (0.1277_{-0.0079} ^{+0.0080},0.02229 ± 0.00073, 0.732_{-0.032} ^{+0.031},0.958 ± 0.016, 0.089 ± 0.030, 0.761 _{-0.048}^{+0.049}). The 3 year data dramatically shrink the allowed volume in this six-dimensional parameter space. Assuming that the primordial fluctuations are adiabatic with a power-law spectrum, the WMAP data alone require dark matter and favor a spectral index that is significantly less than the Harrison-Zel'dovich-Peebles scale-invariant spectrum (n_{s} = 1, r = 0). Adding additional data sets improves the constraints on these components and the spectral slope. For power-law models, WMAP data alone puts an improved upper limit on the tensor-to-scalar ratio, r_{0.002} < 0.65 (95% CL) and the combination of WMAP and the lensing-normalized SDSS galaxy survey implies r_{0.002} < 0.30 (95% CL). Models that suppress large-scale power through a running spectral index or a large-scale cutoff in the power spectrum are a better fit to the WMAP and small-scale CMB data than the power-law ACDM model; however, the improvement in the fit to the WMAP data is only Δχ^{2} = 3 for 1 extra degree of freedom. Models with a running-spectral index are consistent with a higher amplitude of gravity waves. In a flat universe, the combination of WMAP and the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) data yields a significant constraint on the equation of state of the dark energy, w = -0.967_{-0.072}^{+0.073}. If we assume w = -1, then the deviations from the critical density, Ω_{K}, are small: the combination of WMAP and the SNLS data implies Ω_{k} = -0.011 ± 0.012. The combination of WMAP 3 year data plus the HST Key Project constraint on H_{0} implies ±_{k} = -0.014 ± 0.017 and Ω_{A} = 0.716 ± 0.055. Even if we do not include the prior that the universe is flat, by combining WMAP, large-scale structure, and supernova data, we can still put a strong constraint on the dark energy equation of state, w = -1.08 ± 0.12. For a flat universe, the combination of WMAP and other astronomical data yield a constraint on the sum of the neutrino masses, Σm_{v} < 0.66 eV (95%CL). Consistent with the predictions of simple inflationary theories, we detect no significant deviations from Gaussianity in the CMB maps using Minkowski functional, the bispectrum, trispectrum, and a new statistic designed to detect large-scale anisotropies in the fluctuations.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 377-408 |

Number of pages | 32 |

Journal | Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series |

Volume | 170 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jun 1 2007 |

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science

### Keywords

- Cosmic microwave background
- Cosmology: observations

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## Cite this

*Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series*,

*170*(2), 377-408. https://doi.org/10.1086/513700