Three short-period Jupiters from TESS: HIP 65Ab, TOI-157b, and TOI-169b

L. D. Nielsen, R. Brahm, F. Bouchy, N. Espinoza, O. Turner, S. Rappaport, L. Pearce, G. Ricker, R. Vanderspek, D. W. Latham, S. Seager, J. N. Winn, J. M. Jenkins, J. S. Acton, G. Bakos, T. Barclay, K. Barkaoui, W. Bhatti, C. Briceño, E. M. BryantM. R. Burleigh, D. R. Ciardi, K. A. Collins, K. I. Collins, B. F. Cooke, Z. Csubry, L. A. Dos Santos, Ph Eigmüller, M. M. Fausnaugh, T. Gan, M. Gillon, M. R. Goad, N. Guerrero, J. Hagelberg, R. Hart, T. Henning, C. X. Huang, E. Jehin, J. S. Jenkins, A. Jordán, J. F. Kielkopf, D. Kossakowski, B. Lavie, N. Law, M. Lendl, J. P. De Leon, C. Lovis, A. W. Mann, M. Marmier, J. McCormac, M. Mori, M. Moyano, N. Narita, D. Osip, J. F. Otegi, F. Pepe, F. J. Pozuelos, L. Raynard, H. M. Relles, P. Sarkis, D. Ségransan, J. V. Seidel, A. Shporer, M. Stalport, C. Stockdale, V. Suc, M. Tamura, T. G. Tan, R. H. Tilbrook, E. B. Ting, T. Trifonov, S. Udry, A. Vanderburg, P. J. Wheatley, G. Wingham, Z. Zhan, C. Ziegler

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Abstract

We report the confirmation and mass determination of three hot Jupiters discovered by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission: HIP 65Ab (TOI-129, TIC-201248411) is an ultra-short-period Jupiter orbiting a bright (V = 11.1 mag) K4-dwarf every 0.98 days. It is a massive 3.213 ± 0.078 MJ planet in a grazing transit configuration with an impact parameter of b = 1.17-0.08+0.10. As a result the radius is poorly constrained, 2.03-0.49+0.61RJ. The planet's distance to its host star is less than twice the separation at which it would be destroyed by Roche lobe overflow. It is expected to spiral into HIP 65A on a timescale ranging from 80 Myr to a few gigayears, assuming a reduced tidal dissipation quality factor of Qs′ = 107 - 109. We performed a full phase-curve analysis of the TESS data and detected both illumination- and ellipsoidal variations as well as Doppler boosting. HIP 65A is part of a binary stellar system, with HIP 65B separated by 269 AU (3.95 arcsec on sky). TOI-157b (TIC 140691463) is a typical hot Jupiter with a mass of 1.18 ± 0.13 MJ and a radius of 1.29 ± 0.02 RJ. It has a period of 2.08 days, which corresponds to a separation of just 0.03 AU. This makes TOI-157 an interesting system, as the host star is an evolved G9 sub-giant star (V = 12.7). TOI-169b (TIC 183120439) is a bloated Jupiter orbiting a V = 12.4 G-type star. It has a mass of 0.79 ±0.06 MJ and a radius of 1.09-0.05+0.08RJ. Despite having the longest orbital period (P = 2.26 days) of the three planets, TOI-169b receives the most irradiation and is situated on the edge of the Neptune desert. All three host stars are metal rich with [Fe / H] ranging from 0.18 to0.24.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number202037941
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume639
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Planets and satellites: detection
  • Planets and satellites: individual: HIP 65A
  • Planets and satellites: individual: TOI-129
  • Planets and satellites: individual: TOI-157

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    Nielsen, L. D., Brahm, R., Bouchy, F., Espinoza, N., Turner, O., Rappaport, S., Pearce, L., Ricker, G., Vanderspek, R., Latham, D. W., Seager, S., Winn, J. N., Jenkins, J. M., Acton, J. S., Bakos, G., Barclay, T., Barkaoui, K., Bhatti, W., Briceño, C., ... Ziegler, C. (2020). Three short-period Jupiters from TESS: HIP 65Ab, TOI-157b, and TOI-169b. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 639, [202037941]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202037941