Three-dimensional simulations of seismic-wave propagation in the Taipei Basin with realistic topography based upon the spectral-element method

Shiann Jong Lee, How Chen Chen, Qinya Liu, Dimitri Komatitsch, Bor Shouh Huang, Jeroen Tromp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use the spectral-element method to simulate strong ground motion throughout the Taipei metropolitan area. Mesh generation for the Taipei basin poses two main challenges: (1) the basin is surrounded by steep mountains, and (2) the city is located on top of a shallow, low-wave-speed sedimentary basin. To accommodate the steep and rapidly varying topography, we introduce a thin high-resolution mesh layer near the surface. The mesh for the shallow sedimentary basin is adjusted to honor its complex geometry and sharp lateral wave-speed contrasts. Variations in Moho thickness beneath Northern Taiwan are also incorporated in the mesh. Spectral-element simulations show that ground motion in the Taipei metropolitan region is strongly affected by the geometry of the basin and the surrounding mountains. The amplification of ground motion is mainly controlled by basin depth and shallow shear-wave speeds, although surface topography also serves to amplify and prolong seismic shaking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-264
Number of pages12
JournalBulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Volume98
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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