Thin dead-layer avalanche photodiodes enable low-energy ion measurements

K. Ogasawara, S. A. Livi, E. Grotheer, D. J. McComas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

As an alternative method for detecting low-energy ions, we describe the performance of a thin dead-layer avalanche photodiode (APD, Hamamatsu spl 6815), which provides high-resolution, proportional, and reliable efficiency with low mass and power even at room temperature. The pulse height distribution of the APD signal shows a significant peak for energies above 2.5 keV for protons and 3.4 keV for helium ions, with a noise level of ∼ 300 electrons (1.1 keV in silicon diode detectors). The response linearity is excellent for light ions, including protons and helium ions, with some non-linearity for heavier ions. The energy resolutions are 15% for 58 keV protons, 16% for 56 keV helium ions, 43% for 55 keV nitrogen ions and 46% for 55 keV argon ions. We also measured the thickness of a dead layer by analyzing the energy defect of 57 keV protons with different angles from the device surface, revealing a dead layer as thin as 340 Å. Considering the whole active-layer thickness of approximately 150 μ m, the maximum detectable energy was calculated to be ∼ 4 MeV / n for protons and helium ions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume614
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Keywords

  • Avalanche photodiodes
  • Particle detectors
  • Solid-state detectors
  • Space instrumentation

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