The evolution of the ejected liquid sheet, or lamella, created after impact of a liquid drop onto a solid surface is studied using high-speed video in order to observe the detailed time evolution of the thickness of the rim of the lamella. Since it has been suggested that splashing behavior is set at very early times after impact, we study early times up to D0/U0, where D0 and U0 are the diameter and speed of the impacting drop, respectively, for different liquid viscosities and impact speeds below the splashing threshold. Within the regime of our experiments, our results are not consistent with the idea that the lamella rim grows similar to the boundary layer thickness. Rather, we find that the rim thickness is always much larger than the boundary layer thickness, and that the rim thickness decreases with increasing impact speed. For lower impact speeds, the increase in the rim thickness is consistent with a √t response over the limited time range available, but the dependence is not simply proportional to √ν, where ν is the kinematic viscosity, and there is a strong dependence of the rim thickness on the impact speed U0. Scaling of the rim height using a balance of inertial and surface tension forces provides some collapse of the data at lower impact speeds. We also observe an unusual plateau behavior in thickness versus time at higher impact speeds as we approach the splash threshold.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes