Abstract The heuristic drift (HD) model for the tokamak power scrape-off layer width provides remarkable agreement in both absolute magnitude and scalings with the measured width of the exponential component of the heat flux at divertors targets, in low gas-puff H-Mode tokamaks. This motivates further exploration of its theoretical aspects and practical implications. The HD model requires a small non-ambipolar electron particle diffusivity ∼10-2 m2/s. It also implies large parallel heat flux in ITER and suggests that more radical approaches will be needed to handle the ∼20 GW/m2 parallel heat flux expected in Demo. Remarkably, the HD model is also in good agreement with recent near-SOL heat flux profiles measured in a number of limiter L-Mode experiments, implying ubiquity of the underlying mechanism. Finally, the HD model suggests that the H-Mode and more generally Greenwald density limit may be caused by MHD instability in the SOL, rather than originating in the core plasma or pedestal. If the SOL width in stellarators is set by magnetic topology rather than by drifts, this would be consistent with the absence of the Greenwald density limit in stellarators.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- General Materials Science
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering