Theoretical and numerical studies of non-equilibrium slip effects on a catalytic surface

B. Xu, Yiguang Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


A new concentration slip model to describe the rarefied gas effect on the species transport in microscale chemical reactors was derived from the approximate solution of the Boltzmann equation. The present model is more general and recovers the existing models in the limiting cases. The analytical results showed that the concentration slip is dominated by two different mechanisms, the reaction induced concentration slip (RIC) and the temperature slip induced concentration slip (TIC). The magnitude of RIC slip is proportional to the product of the Damköhler number and Knudsen number. The impact of the velocity, concentration and temperature slips on the coupling between the surface catalytic reactions and the homogeneous gas phase reactions was examined using the detailed chemistry of hydrogen and methane within a wide range of accommodation coefficients in a two-dimensional microscale chemical reactor. The results showed that the impact of reaction induced concentration slip (RIC) effects on catalytic reactions strongly depends on the Damköhler number, the Knudsen number and the surface accommodation coefficient. It was found that the TIC slip had a strong effect on the fuel oxidation rates and the RIC slip dramatically changed the mass fraction distributions of radicals, especially when the mass accommodation coefficients were far less than unity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)961-979
Number of pages19
JournalCombustion Theory and Modelling
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • Concentration slip
  • Microscale combustion
  • Non-equilibrium
  • Slip effect


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