The young HD 73583 (TOI-560) planetary system: two 10-M mini-Neptunes transiting a 500-Myr-old, bright, and active K dwarf

O. Barragán, D. J. Armstrong, D. Gandolfi, I. Carleo, A. A. Vidotto, C. Villarreal D'Angelo, A. Oklopčić, H. Isaacson, D. Oddo, K. Collins, M. Fridlund, S. G. Sousa, C. M. Persson, C. Hellier, S. Howell, A. Howard, S. Redfield, N. Eisner, I. Y. Georgieva, D. DragomirD. Bayliss, L. D. Nielsen, B. Klein, S. Aigrain, M. Zhang, J. Teske, J. D. Twicken, J. Jenkins, M. Esposito, V. Van Eylen, F. Rodler, V. Adibekyan, J. Alarcon, D. R. Anderson, J. M. Akana Murphy, D. Barrado, S. C.C. Barros, B. Benneke, F. Bouchy, E. M. Bryant, R. P. Butler, J. Burt, J. Cabrera, S. Casewell, P. Chaturvedi, R. Cloutier, W. D. Cochran, J. Crane, I. Crossfield, N. Crouzet, K. I. Collins, F. Dai, H. J. Deeg, A. Deline, O. D.S. Demangeon, X. Dumusque, P. Figueira, E. Furlan, C. Gnilka, M. R. Goad, E. Goffo, F. Gutiérrez-Canales, A. Hadjigeorghiou, Z. Hartman, A. P. Hatzes, M. Harris, B. Henderson, T. Hirano, S. Hojjatpanah, S. Hoyer, P. Kabáth, J. Korth, J. Lillo-Box, R. Luque, M. Marmier, T. Močnik, A. Muresan, F. Murgas, E. Nagel, H. L.M. Osborne, A. Osborn, H. P. Osborn, E. Palle, M. Raimbault, G. R. Ricker, R. A. Rubenzahl, C. Stockdale, N. C. Santos, N. Scott, R. P. Schwarz, S. Shectman, M. Raimbault, S. Seager, D. Ségransan, L. M. Serrano, M. Skarka, A. M.S. Smith, J. Šubjak, T. G. Tan, S. Udry, C. Watson, P. J. Wheatley, R. West, J. N. Winn, S. X. Wang, A. Wolfgang, C. Ziegler

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Abstract

We present the discovery and characterization of two transiting planets observed by TESS in the light curves of the young and bright (V = 9.67) star HD73583 (TOI-560). We perform an intensive spectroscopic and photometric space-and ground-based follow-up in order to confirm and characterize the system. We found that HD73583 is a young (∼500 Myr) active star with a rotational period of 12.08 ± 0.11 d, and a mass and radius of 0.73 ± 0.02 M and 0.65 ± 0.02 R, respectively. HD 73583 b (Pb = 6.3980420-0.0000062+ 0.0000067 d) has a mass and radius of 10.2-3.1+ 3.4 M and 2.79 ± 0.10 R, respectively, which gives a density of 2.58-0.81+ 0.95 g, cm-3. HD 73583 c (Pc = 18.87974-0.00074+ 0.00086 d) has a mass and radius of 9.7-1.7+ 1.8 M and 2.39-0.09+ 0.10 R, respectively, which translates to a density of 3.88-0.80+ 0.91g, cm-3. Both planets are consistent with worlds made of a solid core surrounded by a volatile envelope. Because of their youth and host star brightness, they both are excellent candidates to perform transmission spectroscopy studies. We expect ongoing atmospheric mass-loss for both planets caused by stellar irradiation. We estimate that the detection of evaporating signatures on H and He would be challenging, but doable with present and future instruments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1606-1627
Number of pages22
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume514
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • planets and satellites: individual: HD 73583 (TOI-560)
  • stars: activity
  • techniques: photometric
  • techniques: radial velocities

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