The yeast Pif1p helicase removes telomerase from telomeric DNA

Jean Baptiste Boulé, Leticia R. Vega, Virginia A. Zakian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

164 Scopus citations

Abstract

Telomeres are the physical ends of eukaryotic chromosomes. Genetic studies have established that the baker's yeast Pif1p DNA helicase is a negative regulator of telomerase, the specialized reverse transcriptase that maintains telomeric DNA, but the biochemical basis for this inhibition was unknown. Here we show that in vitro, Pif1p reduces the processivity of telomerase and releases telomerase from telomeric oligonucleotides. The released telomerase is enzymatically active because it is able to lengthen a challenger oligonucleotide. In vivo, overexpression of Pif1p reduces telomerase association with telomeres, whereas depleting cells of Pif1p increases the levels of telomere-bound Est1p, a telomerase subunit that is present on the telomere when telomerase is active. We propose that Pif1p helicase activity limits telomerase action both in vivo and in vitro by displacing active telomerase from DNA ends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume438
Issue number7064
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 3 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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    Boulé, J. B., Vega, L. R., & Zakian, V. A. (2005). The yeast Pif1p helicase removes telomerase from telomeric DNA. Nature, 438(7064), 57-61. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04091