The viscosity of concentrated polymer solutions containing low molecular weight solvents

William D. Richards, Robert Krafft Prud'homme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The zero shear rate viscosities of polystyrene/ethylbenzene solutions having polymer weight fractions ranging from 0.5 to 1.0 have been measured using a novel sealed rheometer cell over a temperature range of 50 to 200°C. The concentration and temperature dependence of the solution viscosity has been found to be well described by the relation η0 = K caMw3.4ζ(c, T) where the monomeric friction coefficient ζ is determined by the free volume of the solution. Following the procedure of Berry, the free volume parameters, αf(c)/γ and T (c), and the fractional free volume, f(c,T)/γ, have been determined. After using these parameters to account for the concentration dependence of the friction coefficient, the concentration exponent a has been evaluated and found to be in reasonable agreement with the value of 3.4 obtained by Berry and Fox for other polymer/solvent systems. A comparison of the relative conributions made by the friction coefficient and the term c3.4 to the overall concentration dependence of the viscosity of these highly concentrated solutions shows the friction coefficient to be the dominant factor

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)763-776
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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