The unintended effects of cash transfers on fertility: evidence from the Safe Motherhood Scheme in India

Arindam Nandi, Ramanan Laxminarayan

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

India launched the Safe Motherhood Scheme (Janani Suraksha Yojana or JSY) in 2005 in response to persistently high maternal and child mortality rates. JSY provides a cash incentive to socioeconomically disadvantaged women for childbirth at health facilities. This study explores some unintended consequences of JSY. Using data from two large household surveys, we examine a policy variation that exploits the differential incentive structure under JSY across states and population subgroups. We find that JSY may have resulted in a 2.5–3.5 percentage point rise in the probability of childbirth or pregnancy over a 3-year period in states already experiencing high population growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-491
Number of pages35
JournalJournal of Population Economics
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Economics and Econometrics

Keywords

  • Conditional cash transfer
  • Fertility
  • India
  • Janani Suraksha Yojana
  • JSY

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