We measured the optical phase curve of the transiting brown dwarf KELT-1b (TOI 1476) using data from the TESS spacecraft. We found that KELT-1b shows significant phase variation in the TESS bandpass, with a relatively large phase amplitude of 234-44+43 ppm and a secondary eclipse depth of 371-49+47 ppm. We also measured a marginal eastward offset in the dayside hot spot of 18.°3 ± 7.°4 relative to the substellar point. We detected a strong phase-curve signal attributed to ellipsoidal distortion of the host star with an amplitude of 399 ± 19 ppm. Our results are roughly consistent with the Spitzer phase curves of KELT-1b, but the TESS eclipse depth is deeper than expected. Our cloud-free 1D models of KELT-1b's dayside emission are unable to fit the full combined eclipse spectrum. Instead, the large TESS eclipse depth suggests that KELT-1b may have a significant dayside geometric albedo of A g ∼ 0.5 in the TESS bandpass, which would agree with the tentative trend between equilibrium temperature and geometric albedo recently suggested by Wong et al. We posit that if KELT-1b has a high dayside albedo, it is likely due to silicate clouds that form on KELT-1b's nightside and are subsequently transported onto the western side of KELT-1b's dayside hemisphere before breaking up.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Nov 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science