A general theory of concentration fluctuations in mixtures is derived. The resulting expressions, which include the Kirkwood-Buff theory as a particular case, relate different partial molar properties to a single combination of molecule number fluctuations within differently defined subsystems. The formalism, therefore, gives rise to a common definition for partial molar energies, volumes, enthalpies, and entropies in terms of molecule number fluctuations exclusively. Likewise, a second function of molecule number fluctuations describes both the mixture's isobaric specific heat as well as its isothermal compressibility. The partial molar energy and enthalpy definitions, moreover, suggest new methods for the study of mixture properties via computer simulations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry