The stationary wave response to a tropical SST anomaly in an idealized GCM

Ting Mingfang Ting, I. M. Held

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The control climate of the GCM is zonally symmetric; this symmetric climate is then perturbed by a dipolar SST anomaly centered at the equator. Two experiments, with anomaly amplitudes differing by a fact of two, have been conducted. The response is very linear in the amplitude of the SST anomaly. A steady, baroclinic model linearized about a zonally symmetric basic state simulates the GCM's stationary wave reasonably well when it is forced by anomalous heating as well as anomalous transients. When decomposing the GCMs flow into parts forced separately by heating and transients, tropical transients are found to play a dissipative role to first approximation, reducing the amplitude of the response to heating by a factor of two. The effects of extratropical transients are relatively weak. A steady nonlinear model is also used to evaluate the importance of transients and confirms the diagnosis based on the linear model. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2546-2566
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science


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