The State-of-Play of Anomalous Microwave Emission (AME) research

Clive Dickinson, Y. Ali-Haïmoud, A. Barr, E. S. Battistelli, A. Bell, L. Bernstein, S. Casassus, K. Cleary, B. T. Draine, R. Génova-Santos, S. E. Harper, B. Hensley, J. Hill-Valler, Thiem Hoang, F. P. Israel, L. Jew, A. Lazarian, J. P. Leahy, J. Leech, C. H. López-CaraballoI. McDonald, E. J. Murphy, T. Onaka, R. Paladini, M. W. Peel, Y. Perrott, F. Poidevin, A. C.S. Readhead, J. A. Rubiño-Martín, A. C. Taylor, C. T. Tibbs, M. Todorović, Matias Vidal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anomalous Microwave Emission (AME) is a component of diffuse Galactic radiation observed at frequencies in the range ≈ 10–60 GHz. AME was first detected in 1996 and recognised as an additional component of emission in 1997. Since then, AME has been observed by a range of experiments and in a variety of environments. AME is spatially correlated with far-IR thermal dust emission but cannot be explained by synchrotron or free–free emission mechanisms, and is far in excess of the emission contributed by thermal dust emission with the power-law opacity consistent with the observed emission at sub-mm wavelengths. Polarization observations have shown that AME is very weakly polarized (≲ 1 %). The most natural explanation for AME is rotational emission from ultra-small dust grains (“spinning dust”), first postulated in 1957. Magnetic dipole radiation from thermal fluctuations in the magnetization of magnetic grain materials may also be contributing to the AME, particularly at higher frequencies (≳ 50 GHz). AME is also an important foreground for Cosmic Microwave Background analyses. This paper presents a review and the current state-of-play in AME research, which was discussed in an AME workshop held at ESTEC, The Netherlands, June 2016.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-28
Number of pages28
JournalNew Astronomy Reviews
Volume80
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Cosmic microwave background
  • Diffuse radiation
  • Interstellar medium
  • Radiation mechanisms
  • Radio continuum
  • Spinning dust

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