The speeds of coronal mass ejections in the solar wind at mid heliographic latitudes: Ulysses

J. T. Gosling, S. J. Bame, D. J. McComas, J. L. Phillips, B. E. Goldstein, M. Neugebauer

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Six CMEs have been detected in the Ulysses plasma observations poleward of S31°. The most striking aspect of these mid‐latitude CMEs was their high speeds; the overall average speed of these CMEs was ∼ 740 km s−1, which was comparable to that of the rest of the solar wind at these latitudes. This average CME speed is much higher than average CME speeds observed in the solar wind in the ecliptic or in the corona close to the Sun. The evidence indicates that the CMEs were not pushed up to high speeds in interplanetary space by interaction with trailing high‐speed plasma. Rather, they simply seem to have received the same basic acceleration as the rest of the solar wind at these mid‐latitudes. Our results suggest that the basic acceleration process for many CMEs at all latitudes is essentially the same as for the normal solar wind. Frequently most of this acceleration must occur well beyond 6 solar radii from Sun center.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1109-1112
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume21
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 1994
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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