The slave trade and the origins of Mistrust in Africa

Nathan Nunn, Leonard Wantchekon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

954 Scopus citations


We show that current differences in trust levels within Africa can be traced back to the transatlantic and Indian Ocean slave trades. Combining contemporary individual-level survey data with historical data on slave shipments by ethnic group, we find that individuals whose ancestors were heavily raided during the slave trade are less trusting today. Evidence from a variety of identification strategies suggests that the relationship is causal. Examining causal mechanisms, we show that most of the impact of the slave trade is through factors that are internal to the individual, such as cultural norms, beliefs, and values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3221-3252
Number of pages32
JournalAmerican Economic Review
Issue number7
StatePublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics


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