The Simons Observatory: Beam Characterization for the Small Aperture Telescopes

Nadia Dachlythra, Adriaan J. Duivenvoorden, Jon E. Gudmundsson, Matthew Hasselfield, Gabriele Coppi, Alexandre E. Adler, David Alonso, Susanna Azzoni, Grace E. Chesmore, Giulio Fabbian, Ken Ganga, Remington G. Gerras, Andrew H. Jaffe, Bradley R. Johnson, Brian Keating, Reijo Keskitalo, Theodore S. Kisner, Nicoletta Krachmalnicoff, Marius Lungu, Frederick MatsudaSigurd Naess, Lyman Page, Roberto Puddu, Giuseppe Puglisi, Sara M. Simon, Grant Teply, Tran Tsan, Edward J. Wollack, Kevin Wolz, Zhilei Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We use time-domain simulations of Jupiter observations to test and develop a beam reconstruction pipeline for the Simons Observatory Small Aperture Telescopes. The method relies on a mapmaker that estimates and subtracts correlated atmospheric noise and a beam fitting code designed to compensate for the bias caused by the mapmaker. We test our reconstruction performance for four different frequency bands against various algorithmic parameters, atmospheric conditions, and input beams. We additionally show the reconstruction quality as a function of the number of available observations and investigate how different calibration strategies affect the beam uncertainty. For all of the cases considered, we find good agreement between the fitted results and the input beam model within an ∼1.5% error for a multipole range ℓ = 30-700 and an ∼0.5% error for a multipole range ℓ = 50-200.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number138
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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