The SHIVA Western Pacific campaign in fall 2011

K. Pfeilsticker, M. Dorf, B. Sturges, D. Oram, A. Engel, M. Rex, A. Bracher, M. Roozendael, F. Hendrick, N. Theys, K. Krüger, B. Quack, D. Wallace, Stephan Andreas Fueglistaler, J. Pyle, V. Marecal, V. Catoire, M. Pirre, M. Chipperfield, D. HeardA. Stohl, S. Eckhardt, B. M. Sinnhuber, A. Rozanov, F. Wittrock, H. Schlager, A. A. Samah, S. M. Phang, Ann Anton, Justin Sentian, Po Teen Lim, Aazani Mujahid, Nur Aleesha Abdullah, Maznorizan, Nor Aieni Binti Haji Mokhtar

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2 Scopus citations


This paper briefly summarizes the activities and observations made during the SHIVA (Stratospheric Ozone: Halogen Impacts in a Varying Atmosphere) Western Pacific campaign in fall 2011, here referred to as the SHIVA South China Sea (SCS) campaign. The campaign addressed investigation of emissions of so-called halogenated very short-lived substances (VSLS) from the South China Sea (SCS), their atmospheric transport and transformation, their contribution to the budget of ozone destroying halogens in the stratosphere. Key findings of the SHIVA campaign are that, (a) the SCS is indeed a prominent emission region for halogenated VSLS, mostly due to the emissions of micro- and macro-algae, (b) in the boundary layer of the marine atmosphere typical VSLS mixing ratios were 3.6 - 13.3 ppt and in the upper troposphere 4.1±0.6 ppt, which may well explained a total source gas (SG) and product gas (PG) injection of [VSLS] = 4-5 ppt into the global stratosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-148
Number of pages8
JournalMalaysian Journal of Science
Issue numberSPEC. ISS.
StatePublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


  • Oceanic-atmospheric coupling
  • Photochemistry
  • Stratospheric ozone


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