We have determined the entire nucleotide sequence of a cloned β-globinmaj gene derived from the BALB/c mouse. This sequence is 1567 bases long and includes the 5′ cap region as well as the presumptive poly(A) addition site of β-globin mRNA. The sequence establishes the fact that the gene is encoded in three discontinuous segments of DNA interrupted by two intervening sequences and precisely locates each. The smaller intervening sequence, 116 bases long, occurs between Arg and Leu codons at codon positions 30 and 31. The larger intervening sequence of 646 bases also occurs between Arg and Leu codons, but at codon positions 104 and 105. There is striking homology between the borders of the two intervening sequences, but no extensive dyad symmetry. Furthermore, the DNA region that just precedes and overlaps the 5′ cap structure of the mRNA shows homology to corresponding regions in other eucaryotic genes including the late adenovirus promoter. The 3′ untranslated sequence is closely homologous to that of the rabbit β-globin mRNA. The sequence thus allows us to identify several noncoding regions of potential importance for the expression and processing of genetic information. It also provides a basis for future comparison with other sequenced genes and a defined substrate for the development of direct tests of gene function.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)