The Role of Welfare in Locational Choices: Modelling Intra-European Migration Decisions Across the Life-Course

Petra W. de Jong, Alícia Adserà, Helga A.G. de Valk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, we add to the literature by investigating the role of welfare states in intra-European migration decisions between 25 countries (2003-2008). Distinguishing between three welfare programmes (unemployment, family and old-age benefits) we tested whether social expenditure on each of these arrangements particularly influenced locational choices of individuals within the age groups covered by the respective welfare policy. Findings from a conditional logit model showed a positive impact of spending on family benefits on the locational choices of young adults moving together with children, and of spending on old-age benefits on the locational choices of individuals close to or above retirement age. In contrast, a negative impact of unemployment spending was found on locational choices in general, and those of working-age adults in particular. Our results highlight the importance of further disentangling the often-used general welfare spending measure when studying the link between welfare and migration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-181
Number of pages19
JournalTijdschrift Voor Economische en Sociale Geografie
Volume111
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Economics and Econometrics

Keywords

  • conditional logit model
  • intra-European
  • life course
  • locational choices
  • migration
  • welfare state

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