The Role of Prefrontal Cortex in Normal and Disordered Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Todd S. Braver, Jonathan D. Cohen, Deanna M. Barch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This chapter presents a theory of prefrontal cortex (PFC) function using the connectionist computational modeling framework. This modeling approach involves three components: (1) computational analysis of the critical processing mechanisms required for cognitive control; (2) use of neurobiologically plausible principles of information processing; and (3) implementation and simulation of cognitive tasks and behavioral performance. The chapter describes behavioral and neuroimaging data on healthy young adults that validate critical components of the model. It then summarizes the application of the model to the clinical domain. These studies highlight the power of the cognitive neuroscience approach by demonstrating how a single, integrated account of PFC function can capture a wide range of data from different methodologies and multiple populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPrinciples of Frontal Lobe Function
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199864157
ISBN (Print)0195134974, 9780195134971
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Keywords

  • Cognitive control
  • Computational analysis
  • Computational modeling
  • Pfc
  • Prefrontal cortex function

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