The PSZ-MCMF catalogue of Planck clusters over the des region

D. Hernández-Lang, M. Klein, J. J. Mohr, S. Grandis, J. B. Melin, P. Tarrío, M. Arnaud, G. W. Pratt, T. M.C. Abbott, M. Aguena, O. Alves, F. Andrade-Oliveira, D. Bacon, E. Bertin, D. Brooks, D. L. Burke, A. Carnero Rosell, M. Carrasco Kind, J. Carretero, F. J. CastanderM. Costanzi, L. N. Da Costa, M. E.S. Pereira, S. Desai, H. T. Diehl, P. Doel, S. Everett, I. Ferrero, B. Flaugher, J. Frieman, J. García-Bellido, D. Gruen, R. A. Gruendl, J. Gschwend, G. Gutierrez, S. R. Hinton, D. L. Hollowood, K. Honscheid, D. J. James, K. Kuehn, N. Kuropatkin, O. Lahav, C. Lidman, P. Melchior, J. Mena-Fernández, F. Menanteau, R. Miquel, A. Palmese, F. Paz-Chinchón, A. Pieres, A. A. Plazas Malagón, M. Raveri, M. Rodriguez-Monroy, A. K. Romer, V. Scarpine, I. Sevilla-Noarbe, M. Smith, E. Suchyta, G. Tarle, D. Thomas, N. Weaverdyck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We present the first systematic follow-up of Planck Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect (SZE) selected candidates down to signal-to-noise (S/N) of 3 over the 5000 deg2 covered by the Dark Energy Survey. Using the MCMF cluster confirmation algorithm, we identify optical counterparts, determine photometric redshifts, and richnesses and assign a parameter, fcont, that reflects the probability that each SZE-optical pairing represents a random superposition of physically unassociated systems rather than a real cluster. The new PSZ-MCMF cluster catalogue consists of 853 MCMF confirmed clusters and has a purity of 90 per cent. We present the properties of subsamples of the PSZ-MCMF catalogue that have purities ranging from 90 per cent to 97.5 per cent, depending on the adopted fcont threshold. Halo mass estimates M500, redshifts, richnesses, and optical centres are presented for all PSZ-MCMF clusters. The PSZ-MCMF catalogue adds 589 previously unknown Planck identified clusters over the DES footprint and provides redshifts for an additional 50 previously published Planck-selected clusters with S/N>4.5. Using the subsample with spectroscopic redshifts, we demonstrate excellent cluster photo-z performance with an RMS scatter in Δz/(1 + z) of 0.47 per cent. Our MCMF based analysis allows us to infer the contamination fraction of the initial S/N>3 Planck-selected candidate list, which is ∼50 per cent. We present a method of estimating the completeness of the PSZ-MCMF cluster sample. In comparison to the previously published Planck cluster catalogues, this new S/N>3 MCMF confirmed cluster catalogue populates the lower mass regime at all redshifts and includes clusters up to z∼1.3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-43
Number of pages20
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium
  • galaxies: distances and redshifts


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