The proteome of preretinal tissue in proliferative vitreoretinopathy

Charles G. Miller, Matthew Henderson, Dimosthenis Mantopoulos, Ilya Leskov, Todd Greco, Jean E. Schwarzbauer, Jonathan L. Prenner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is the leading cause of retinal detachment repair failure. However, the molecular pathogenesis remains incompletely understood. Determining the proteome of PVR will help to identify novel therapeutic targets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preretinal tissue samples, delaminated during surgery from six PVR cases and one idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) were analyzed by mass spectrometry. Tandem mass spectra were extracted using the UniProt database, generating a list of 896 proteins, which were subjected to pathway set and fold-change (ERM vs PVR) analyses. RESULTS: Two pathways were enriched in PVR: extracellular matrix (ECM) organization and extracellular structure organization. A fold-change analysis comparing mean total spectral counts from PVR to an ERM control identified fibronectin, the ECM glycoprotein, as the protein most significantly elevated in PVR compared to ERM. CONCLUSION: These data identify pathways key to PVR progression, including those involved in cell-mediated ECM assembly and thus tractional force generation at the cellular level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S5-S12
JournalOphthalmic Surgery Lasers and Imaging Retina
Volume52
Issue numberS1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology

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