The original sin of cognition: Fear, prejudice, and generalization

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations


Generic generalizations such as 'mosquitoes carry the West Nile virus' or 'sharks attack bathers' are often accepted by speakers despite the fact that very few members of the kinds in question have the predicated property. Previous work suggests that such low-prevalence generalizations may be accepted when the properties in question are dangerous, harmful, or appalling. This paper argues that the study of such generic generalizations sheds light on a particular class of prejudiced social beliefs, and points to new ways in which those beliefs might be undermined and combatted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-421
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Philosophy
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Philosophy


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