The nylon scintillator containment vessels for the Borexino solar neutrino experiment

Jay Burton Benziger, L. Cadonati, Frank Calaprice, E. de Haas, R. Fernholz, R. Ford, Cristiano Galbiati, A. Goretti, E. Harding, A. Ianni, An Ianni, S. Kidner, M. Leung, F. Loeser, K. McCarty, A. Nelson, R. Parsells, A. Pocar, T. Shutt, A. SonnenscheinR. B. Vogelaar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Borexino is a solar neutrino experiment designed to observe the 0.86 MeV 7Be neutrinos emitted in the pp cycle of the sun. Neutrinos will be detected by their elastic scattering on electrons in 100 ton of liquid scintillator. The neutrino event rate in the scintillator is expected to be low (∼ 0.35 events per day per ton), and the signals will be at energies below 1.5 MeV, where background from natural radioactivity is prominent. Scintillation light produced by the recoil electrons is observed by an array of 2240 photomultiplier tubes. Because of the intrinsic radioactive contaminants in these PMTs, the liquid scintillator is shielded from them by a thick barrier of buffer fluid. A spherical vessel made of thin nylon film contains the scintillator, separating it from the surrounding buffer. The buffer region itself is divided into two concentric shells by a second nylon vessel in order to prevent inward diffusion of radon atoms. The radioactive background requirements for Borexino are challenging to meet, especially for the scintillator and these nylon vessels. Besides meeting requirements for low radioactivity, the nylon vessels must also satisfy requirements for mechanical, optical, and chemical properties. The present paper describes the research and development, construction, and installation of the nylon vessels for the Borexino experiment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-534
Number of pages26
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 21 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


  • Borexino
  • Low-background
  • Nylon
  • Organic scintillator
  • Solar neutrinos


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