The neural circuit mechanisms underlying the retinal response to motion reversal

Eric Y. Chen, Janice Chou, Jeongsook Park, Greg Schwartz, Michael J. Berry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


To make up for delays in visual processing, retinal circuitry effectively predicts that a moving object will continue moving in a straight line, allowing retinal ganglion cells to anticipate the object's position. However, a sudden reversal of motion triggers a synchronous burst of firing from a large group of ganglion cells, possibly signaling a violation of the retina's motion prediction. To investigate the neural circuitry underlying this response, we used a combination of multielectrode array and whole-cell patch recordings to measure the responses of individual retinal ganglion cells in the tiger salamander to reversing stimuli. We found that different populations of ganglion cells were responsible for responding to the reversal of different kinds of objects, such as bright versus dark objects. Using pharmacology and designed stimuli, we concluded that ON and OFF bipolar cells both contributed to the reversal response, but that amacrine cells had, at best, a minor role. This allowed us to formulate an adaptive cascade model (ACM), similar to the one previously used to describe ganglion cell responses to motion onset. By incorporating the ON pathway into the ACM, we were able to reproduce the time-varying firing rate of fast OFF ganglion cells for all experimentally tested stimuli. Analysis of the ACM demonstrates that bipolar cell gain control is primarily responsible for generating the synchronized retinal response, as individual bipolar cells require a constant time delay before recovering from gain control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15557-15575
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number47
StatePublished - Nov 19 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Neuroscience


  • Adaptive cascade model
  • Gain control
  • Ganglion cell
  • Motion discontinuity
  • Motion reversal
  • Retina


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