The Nature of Low-surface-brightness Galaxies in the Hyper Suprime-Cam Survey

Jenny E. Greene, Johnny P. Greco, Andy D. Goulding, Song Huang, Erin Kado-Fong, Shany Danieli, Jiaxuan Li, Ji Hoon Kim, Yutaka Komiyama, Alexie Leauthaud, Lauren A. Macarthur, Cristóbal Sifón

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We present the statistical redshift distribution of a large sample of low-surface-brightness (LSB) galaxies identified in the first 200 deg2 of the Hyper Suprime-Cam Strategic Survey Program. Through cross-correlation with the NASA-SDSS Atlas, we find that the majority of objects lie within z < 0.15 or ∼500 Mpc, yielding a mass range of M ∗ ≈ 107-109 M o˙ and a size range of r eff,g ≈ 1-8 kpc. We find a peak in the distance distribution within 100 Mpc, corresponding mostly to ∼107 M o˙ galaxies that fall on the known mass-size relation. There is also a tail in the redshift distribution out to z ≈ 0.15, comprising more massive (M ∗ = 108 - 109 M o˙) galaxies at the larger end of our size range. We see tentative evidence that at the higher-mass end (M ∗ > 108 M o˙), the LSB galaxies do not form a smooth extension of the mass-size relation of higher-surface-brightness galaxies, perhaps suggesting that the LSB galaxy population is distinct in its formation path.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number150
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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