The music of clash: Predictions on the concentration-mass relation

M. Meneghetti, E. Rasia, J. Vega, J. Merten, M. Postman, G. Yepes, F. Sembolini, M. Donahue, S. Ettori, K. Umetsu, I. Balestra, M. Bartelmann, N. Benítez, A. Biviano, R. Bouwens, L. Bradley, T. Broadhurst, D. Coe, N. Czakon, M. De PetrisH. Ford, C. Giocoli, S. Gottlöber, C. Grillo, L. Infante, S. Jouvel, D. Kelson, A. Koekemoer, O. Lahav, D. Lemze, E. Medezinski, P. Melchior, A. Mercurio, A. Molino, L. Moscardini, A. Monna, J. Moustakas, L. A. Moustakas, M. Nonino, J. Rhodes, P. Rosati, J. Sayers, S. Seitz, W. Zheng, A. Zitrin

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118 Scopus citations


We present an analysis of the MUSIC-2 N-body/hydrodynamical simulations aimed at estimating the expected concentration-mass relation for the CLASH (Cluster Lensing and Supernova Survey with Hubble) cluster sample. We study nearly 1,400 halos simulated at high spatial and mass resolution. We study the shape of both their density and surface-density profiles and fit them with a variety of radial functions, including the Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW), the generalized NFW, and the Einasto density profiles. We derive concentrations and masses from these fits. We produce simulated Chandra observations of the halos, and we use them to identify objects resembling the X-ray morphologies and masses of the clusters in the CLASH X-ray-selected sample. We also derive a concentration-mass relation for strong-lensing clusters. We find that the sample of simulated halos that resembles the X-ray morphology of the CLASH clusters is composed mainly of relaxed halos, but it also contains a significant fraction of unrelaxed systems. For such a heterogeneous sample we measure an average two-dimensional concentration that is 11% higher than is found for the full sample of simulated halos. After accounting for projection and selection effects, the average NFW concentrations of CLASH clusters are expected to be intermediate between those predicted in three dimensions for relaxed and super-relaxed halos. Matching the simulations to the individual CLASH clusters on the basis of the X-ray morphology, we expect that the NFW concentrations recovered from the lensing analysis of the CLASH clusters are in the range [3-6], with an average value of 3.87 and a standard deviation of 0.61.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number34
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 10 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • dark matter
  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • gravitation lensing: weak
  • gravitational lensing: strong Online-only material: color figures


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