The inner membrane protein YhdP modulates the rate of anterograde phospholipid flow in Escherichia coli

Jacqueline Grimm, Handuo Shi, Wei Wang, Angela M. Mitchell, Ned S. Wingreen, Kerwyn Casey Huang, Thomas J. Silhavy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The outer membrane (OM) of Gram-negative bacteria is a selective permeability barrier that allows uptake of nutrients while simultaneously protecting the cell from harmful compounds. The basic pathways and molecular machinery responsible for transporting lipopolysaccharides (LPS), lipoproteins, and β-barrel proteins to the OM have been identified, but very little is known about phospholipid (PL) transport. To identify genes capable of affecting PL transport, we screened for genetic interactions with mlaA*, a mutant in which anterograde PL transport causes the inner membrane (IM) to shrink and eventually rupture; characterization of mlaA*mediated lysis suggested that PL transport can occur via a high-flux diffusive flow mechanism. We found that YhdP, an IM protein involved in maintaining the OM permeability barrier, modulates the rate of PL transport during mlaA*-mediated lysis. Deletion of yhdP from mlaA* reduced the rate of IM transport to the OM by 50%, slowing shrinkage of the IM and delaying lysis. As a result, the weakened OM of ΔyhdP cells was further compromised and ruptured before the IM during mlaA*-mediated death. These findings demonstrate the existence of a high-flux diffusive pathway for PL flow in Escherichia coli that is modulated by YhdP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26907-26914
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume117
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 27 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Keywords

  • AsmA
  • Cell death
  • Gram-negative cell envelope
  • Lipid transport
  • MlaA

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