The influences of family background and structural factors on children’s academic performances: A cross-country comparative study

Mengjie Lyu, Wangyang Li, Yu Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is well known that children’s academic performances are affected by both their family backgrounds and contextual or structural factors such as the urban–rural difference and regional variation. This article evaluates the relative importance of family background versus structural factors in determining children’s academic achievements across three different societies: China, the United States of America, and Germany, analyzing data from five large-scale, high-quality, and nationally representative data sets. The results reveal two main findings: (a) family socioeconomic status exerts much stronger positive effects on children’s academic achievement in the USA and Germany than in China; and (b) structural factors (such as those measured by location and urban/rural residence) play much smaller roles in the USA and Germany than in China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-192
Number of pages20
JournalChinese Journal of Sociology
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • family SES
  • structural factors

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