The influence of carbon dioxide and oxygen as additives on soot formation in diffusion flames

D. X. Du, R. L. Axelbaum, Chung King Law

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A study of carbon dioxide and oxygen addition on soot formation has been performed such that the effects of dilution, temperature and direct chemical participation have been isolated for the additives on both the fuel and oxidizer sides. By measuring soot inception limits in the counterflow flame and integrated soot volume fractions in the coflow flame, the influence of the additives on soot inception, growth and burnout has also been ascertained. Results demonstrate that carbon dioxide, whether added to the fuel or oxidizer side, can suppress soot formation chemically. The effect of oxygen addition is more complex. When added to the fuel side of an ethylene flame, the addition leads to an abrupt increase in the inception limit, indicating that the inception chemistry has been accelerated. The addition to propane, however, is initially suppressive and results in a significant reduction in the soot inception limit which is more than can be accounted for by dilution. The addition becomes promoting as the oxygen mole fraction approaches 40%. Finally, the effect of oxygen concentration on the oxidizer side, for both ethylene and propane flames, is almost totally thermal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1501-1507
Number of pages7
JournalSymposium (International) on Combustion
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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