An I(0) process is commonly defined as a process that satisfies a functional central limit theorem, i.e., whose scaled partial sums converge weakly to a Wiener process, and an I(1) process as a process whose first differences are I(0). This paper establishes that with this definition, it is impossible to consistently discriminate between I(0) and I(1) processes. At the same time, on a more constructive note, there exist consistent unit root tests and also nontrivial inconsistent stationarity tests with correct asymptotic size.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Economics and Econometrics