A major breakthrough in the field of organic photovoltaics (OPVs) was the development of the donor/acceptor heterojunction that aids in separating Coulombically bound excitons that are generated upon photoabsorption. Additionally, bound charge transfer (CT) states that result from the exchange of charge carriers across the donor/acceptor interface are believed to play an important role in charge generation. Though organic thin films are often disordered, enhancements to the local structural order at the donor/acceptor interface have recently been shown to greatly influence CT state energetics and the charge generation process. In this progress report, recent efforts to understand the role that donor/acceptor morphology plays in the behavior of CT states and the resulting implications on OPV function are presented. It is aimed to provide a survey of different experimental approaches and to present a balanced examination of current interpretations of key results, and to offer best practices for the fabrication and study of morphologically tunable donor/acceptor CT states.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- General Materials Science
- charge generation
- organic photovoltaics
- organic solar cells