The Heidelberg circle: German inflections on the professionalization of Russian chemistry in the 1860s

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Abstract

The success of the "second importation" of science to Russia during the Great Reforms of the 1860s is illustrated by examining the extended postdoctoral study of chemists in Heidelberg. While there, they adapted the Russian intelligentsia institution of the "circle," or kruzhok, to cope with their alienation from the German culture they were confronting. Upon their return to Russia, they felt the lack of the communicative network they had established while abroad and reimported the kruzhok to serve as a central model for the formation of the Russian Chemical Society in 1868.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-49
Number of pages27
JournalOsiris
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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