The geography of undocumented Mexican Migration

Douglas S. Massey, Jacob S. Rugh, Karen A. Pren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Using data from Mexico's Matrícula Consular program, we analyze the geographic organization of undocumented Mexican migration to the United States. We show that emigration has moved beyond its historical origins in west-central Mexico into the central region and, to a lesser extent, the southeast and border regions. In the United States, traditional gateways continue to dominate, but a variety of new destinations have emerged. California, in particular, has lost its overwhelming dominance. Although the geographic structure of Mexico-U.S. migration is relatively stable, it has nonetheless continued to evolve and change over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-152
Number of pages24
JournalMexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • History


  • Geography
  • Mexican Immigration
  • Mexico
  • Migrant Destinations
  • Migrant Origins
  • Migration Flows
  • Undocumented Migration


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