The feasibility of low CO2 concentration targets and the role of bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS)

Christian Azar, Kristian Lindgren, Michael Obersteiner, Keywan Riahi, Detlef P. van Vuuren, K. Michel G.J. den Elzen, Kenneth Möllersten, Eric David Larson

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185 Scopus citations

Abstract

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC 1992) calls for stabilization of atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. We use three global energy system models to investigate the technological and economic attainability of meeting CO2 concentration targets below current levels. Our scenario studies reveal that while energy portfolios from a broad range of energy technologies are needed to attain low concentrations, negative emission technologies-e.g., biomass energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS)-significantly enhances the possibility to meet low concentration targets (at around 350 ppm CO2).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-202
Number of pages8
JournalClimatic Change
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Atmospheric Science

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    Azar, C., Lindgren, K., Obersteiner, M., Riahi, K., van Vuuren, D. P., den Elzen, K. M. G. J., Möllersten, K., & Larson, E. D. (2010). The feasibility of low CO2 concentration targets and the role of bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). Climatic Change, 100(1), 195-202. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9832-7