The expected value of control: An integrative theory of anterior cingulate cortex function

Amitai Shenhav, Matthew M. Botvinick, Jonathan D. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

801 Scopus citations

Abstract

The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has a near-ubiquitous presence in the neuroscience of cognitive control. It has been implicated in a diversity of functions, from reward processing and performance monitoring to the execution of control and action selection. Here, we propose that this diversity can be understood in terms of a single underlying function: allocation of control based on an evaluation of the expected value of control (EVC). We present a normative model of EVC that integrates three critical factors: the expected payoff from a controlled process, the amount of control that must be invested to achieve that payoff, and the cost in terms of cognitive effort. We propose that dACC integrates this information, using it to determine whether, where and how much control to allocate. We then consider how the EVC model can explain the diverse array of findings concerning dACC function

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-240
Number of pages24
JournalNeuron
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 24 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

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